The Sixth Phase – Return of Democracy and Party Politics
The year 1988 saw historic changes on the political landscape of the country. Military Dictator General Zia died in a plane crash. In its aftermath, party-based elections were held in the country after 11 years on November 16, 1988. As a result, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto became the first woman Prime Minister of not only Pakistan but in the entire Muslim World. This election also witnessed the election of at least four women from general seats, three of them getting elected from more than one constituency.
Women Members Elected on General Seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan 1988- 1990
|1||Begum Nusrat Bhutto (PPP)||NA-24 Chitral & NA-164 Larkana I|
|2||Begum Abida Hussain (IND)||NA-67 Jhang II & NA-68 Jhang III|
|3||Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto (PPP)||NA-94 Lahore, NA-166 Larkana III & NA-189 Karachi (S)-I|
|4||Dr. Ashraf Khatoon Abbassi (PPP)||NA-165 Larkana II|
Besides, this 8th National Assembly also had other 20 women members on reserved seats.
Women Members Elected on Reserved Seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan 1988- 1990
|1||Begum Rehana Sarwar (PPP)||Punjab|
|2||Begum Sarwari Sadiq (IJI)||Punjab|
|3||Begum Ndira Khan Khakwani (PPP)||Punjab|
|4||Begum Ndira Khan Khakwani (PPP)||Punjab|
|5||Mrs. Razia Sultana (IND)||Punjab|
|6||Mrs. Shahnaz Begum (PPP)||Punjab|
|7||Begum Rehana Aleem Mashahdi (IJI)||Punjab|
|8||Ms. Shahnaz Wazir Ali (PPP)||Punjab|
|9||Mrs. Abida Malik (PPP)||Punjab|
|10||Dr. Attiya Inayatullah (IJI)||Punjab|
|11||Mrs. Aamira Ehsan (IJI)||Punjab|
|12||Mrs. Nasreen Begum (PPP)||Punjab|
|13||Mrs. Shamim N.D. Khan (PPP)||Sindh|
|14||Dr. Mrs. Mehmooda Shah (PPP)||Sindh|
|15||Mrs. Ruqia Khanum Soomro (PPP)||Sindh|
|16||Mrs. Zareen Majeed (Haq Parast)||Sindh|
|17||Malik Mehr-un-Nisa Afridi (PPP)||NWFP|
|18||Begum Kalsoom Saifullah||NWFP|
|19||Mrs. Samina Razak (PPP)||Balochistan|
|20||Bibi Amina JUL(F)||Balochistan|
Mohtarma’s election as Prime Minister brought about a revolution in women’s political and parliamentary role. The Assembly elected Dr. Ashraf Abbassi once again as its Deputy Speaker while the Federal Cabinet had some 5 women as Ministers, which included Begum Nusrat Bhutto as Senior Minister, Begam Rehana Sarwar as Federal Minister for Women Development, Begum Shahnaz Wazir Ali as Minister of State for Education, Begum Mehmooda Shah as Minister of State for Social Welfare and Begum Nadir Khakwani as Minister of State for Population Welfare.
It was also in 1988 when one woman Dr. Noor Jahan Panazai was elected as Senator from Baluchistan. She also served as the first woman Deputy Chairperson of the Upper House from 1991 to 1993. She however remained the lone woman legislator in the Chamber for the whole period of six years.